La menace de la reconnaissance faciale - arguments intéressants
Des arguments intéressants à reprendre dans cette tribune d'une anthropologue américaine sur la reconnaissance facale :
Sécurisation versus coopération
But money and power aren’t the only reasons behind the push to adopt facial recognition. Cooperation is how humans have managed to survive as long as we have, and the need to categorize some people as “the other” has been happening since there have been humans. Unfortunately, misconceptions and speculations about who some of us are and how we might behave have contributed to fear and insecurity among citizens, governments, and law enforcement. Today, those fearful ideas, in combination with a larger, more mobile, more diverse population, have created a condition by which we know of each other, but do not know each other, nor do we often engage with each “other” unless absolutely necessary. Our fears become another reason to invest in more “security,” even though, if we took time to be social, open, and cooperative in our communities, there would be less to fear, and more security as we looked out for each other’s well being.
... In essence, facial recognition offers a glittering promise of easily identifying and catching villains, like in the movies, without having to do any of the “messy” work of forming human relationships and getting to know the people in a community.
Technopolice ou police de proximité
When a technology isn’t working, we may introduce iterative innovations, as improvements, and that is what may be happening with surveillance cameras. For instance, municipalities have been quick to adopt wearable cameras for police officers. One argument for these body cameras is that they can help keep citizens (as well as officers) more in line; another argument is that they can assist in investigations and, perhaps soon, real-time surveillance. However, this approach is not without flaws, in that there are still very few policing resources, and the costs of storing and managing all the body camera video has been immense for many police departments. Meanwhile, many argue that much could be done to improve policing through better practices and training and community interaction, instead of “better” or additional technologies.
Le leurre des demi-mesures
Efforts to ban uses of the software completely have faced resistance. Lawmakers and companies like Microsoft have mostly pushed for regulations that would, among other things, mandate clear signage to alert people when facial recognition tools are being used in public. However, with no means to opt-out of surveillance in a public or private space except to leave that area, identifying signage offers people no reasonable choice. And without a means of opting out of such a potentially powerful system, human beings begin to become enslaved. This is why serious, enforceable laws that can put restrictions on facial recognition are crucial, and why this discussion is so important at this juncture in our technological development.